Advances in Neural Population Coding, Volume 130 (Progress by M.A.L. Nicolelis

By M.A.L. Nicolelis

A collective study attempt by means of scientists operating in laboratories around the globe, this e-book addresses matters overlaying all facets of neural inhabitants coding. This quantity, with contributions from wonderful neuroscientists, is split into six sections containing a historic review of the concept that of neural inhabitants, introducing a sequence of recent experimental paradigms and analytical ideas for investigating capability neural coding schemes and 4 sections concentrating on contemporary advances in inhabitants coding in a extensive diversity of components of mind research.

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Phys. Rev. E, 54: 6708-6724. , Lenz, EA. C. (1989) Detection of feedback in the central nervous system using system identification techniques. Biol. , 60: 203-212. , Matsumoto, K. and Shiono, S. (1993) Information theoretic analysis of action potential trains, I. Analysis of correlation between 2 neurons. Biol. , 68: 215-220. L. ) Progress in Brain Research, Vol. V. All rights reserved CHAFFER 4 Distributed processing in cultured neuronal networks Steve M. Potter * Division of Biology 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA Introduction Dissociated neuronal networks Thanks to a number of recent technical advances, it will become increasingly popular to study the very basics of distributed information processing using cultured neuronal networks.

The temporal resolution of calcium imaging systems is usually not fast enough to see individual action potentials, only bursts of them. , 1993). It remains to be determined whether subtleties in action-potential timing responsible for the synaptic weight changes observed by Jimbo et al. (as described above) are also involved in neuronal survival. Optical recording of membrane voltage, in contrast to imaging calcium signals, can provide a direct, fast measure of electrical activity in many individual neurons of neuronal networks.

Most researchers studying population coding are working with intact, living animals. Clearly, cultured neuronal networks lack many features of real brains, but they retain many others. They develop organotypic synaptic connections and exhibit a rich variety of distributed pattems of electrical activity. Progress in multi-electrode array technology, optical recording, and multi-photon microscopy, has made it possible that every cell in a cultured monolayer network can be observed, monitored, stimulated, and manipulated with temporal resolution in the submillisecond range, and spatial resolution in the submicron range, in a non-destructive manner.

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